端午节 เทศกาลตวนอู่

端午节 เทศกาลตวนอู่

农历五月初五,是中国民间的传统节日──端午节,它是中华民族古老的传统节日之
一。端午也称端五,端阳。此外,端午节还有许多别称,如:午日节、重五节,五
月节、浴兰节、女儿节,天中节、地腊、诗人节、龙日等等。虽然名称不同,但总
体上说,各地人民过节的习俗还是同多于异的。

过端午节,是中国人二千多年来的传统习惯,由于地域广大,民族众多,加上
许多故事传说,于是不仅产生了众多相异的节名,而且各地也有着不尽相同的习俗。
其内容主要有:女儿回娘家,挂钟馗像,迎鬼船、躲午,帖午叶符,悬挂菖蒲、艾
草,游百病,佩香囊,备牲醴,赛龙舟,比武,击球,荡秋千,给小孩涂雄黄,饮用
雄黄酒、菖蒲酒,吃五毒饼、咸蛋、粽子和时令鲜果等,除了有迷信色彩的活动渐
已消失外,其余至今流传中国各地及邻近诸国。有些活动,如赛龙舟等,已得到新
的发展,突破了时间、地域界线,成为了国际性的体育赛事。

关于端午节的由来,说法甚多,诸如:纪念屈原说;纪念伍子胥说 ;纪念曹娥说;
起于三代夏至节说;恶月恶日驱避说,吴月民族图腾祭说等等。以上各说,各本其
源。据学者闻一多先生的《端午考》和《端午的历史教育》列举的百余条古籍记载
及专家考古考证,端午的起源,是中国古代南方吴越民族举行图腾祭的节日,比屈
原更早。但千百年来,屈原的爱国精神和感人诗辞,已广泛深入人心,故人们“惜
而哀之,世论其辞,以相传焉”,因此,纪念屈原之说,影响最广最深,占据主流
地位。在民俗文化领域,中国民众把端午节的龙舟竞渡和吃粽子等,都与纪念屈原
联系在一起。

时至今日,端午节仍是中国人民中一个十分盛行的隆重节日。

———————-
农历【nónglì】 the traditional Chinese calendar; the lunar calendar.
五月【wǔyuè】 May; the fifth month of the lunar year.
中国【Zhōngguó】 China.
民间【mínjiān】 among the people,popular,folk; nongovernmental,people-to-people.

传统【chuántǒng】 tradition.
节日【jiérì】 festival; red-letter day; holiday.
端午节【duānwǔjié】 the Dragon Boat Festival (the 5th day of the 5th lunar
month).
中华民族【ZhōnghuáMínzú】 the Chinese nation.
古老【gǔlǎo】 ancient; age-old.
之一【zhīyī】 one of (sth); one out of a multitude; one (third, quarter,
percent, etc.).
端阳【duānyáng】 the Dragon Boat Festival (the 5th day of the 5th lunar
month).
此外【cǐwài】 besides; in addition; moreover.
许多【xǔduō】 many; much; a great deal of; a lot of.
别称【biéchēng】 another name; alternative name.
女儿【nǚ’ér】 daughter; girl.
地腊【dìlà】 earth wax; ozocerite.
诗人【shīrén】 poet.
等等【děngděng】 wait a minute.
虽然【suīrán】 though; although.
名称【míngchēng】 name (of a thing or organization).
不同【bùtóng】 not alike; different; distinct.
总体【zǒngtǐ】 overall; total.
各地【gèdì】 in all parts of the country; various regions.
人民【rénmín】 the people.
过节【guòjié】 celebrate a festival.
习俗【xísú】 custom; convention.
还是【háishì】 still; nevertheless; all the same; had better; or.

中国人【zhōngguórén】 Chinese person; Chinese people.
多年来【duōniánlái】 for the past many years.
习惯【xíguàn】 be accustomed to; be used to; be insured to.
由于【yóuyú】 owing to; thanks to; as a result of; due to;
in virtue of.
地域【dìyù】 region; district.
广大【guǎngdà】 vast; wide; extensive; large-scale; wide-spread; numerous.
民族【mínzú】 nation; nationality.
众多【zhòngduō】 multitudinous; numerous.
加上【jiāshàng】 to put in; to add; plus; to add on; to add into.
故事【gùshi】 story; tale; plot.
传说【chuánshuō】 it is said; they say; legend; tradition.
于是【yúshì】 thereupon; hence; consequently; as a result.
不仅【bùjǐn】 not the only one; not only.
产生【chǎnshēng】 produce; engender; emerge; come into being.
而且【érqiě】 .
有着【yǒuzháo】 have; possess.
相同【xiāngtóng】 identical; the same; alike.
内容【nèiróng】 content; substance.
主要【zhǔyào】 main; chief; principal; major.
娘家【niángjia】 a married woman’s parents’ home.
挂钟【guàzhōng】 wall clock.
悬挂【xuánguà】 hang; fly; suspension.
菖蒲【chāngpú】 calamus.
龙舟【lóngzhōu】 dragon boat.
击球【jīqiú】 batting.
秋千【qiūqiān】 swing.
小孩【xiǎohái】 child.
雄黄【xiónghuáng】 realgar; red orpiment.
饮用【yǐnyòng】 drink; drinking; drinkable (water).
五毒【wǔdú】 the five poisonous creatures (scorpion, viper, centipede, house
lizard and toad).
粽子【zòngzi】 a pyramid-shaped dumpling made of glutinous rice wrapped
in bamboo or reed leaves (eaten during the Dragon Boat Festival).
时令【shílìng】 season.
除了【chúle】 except; besides; in addition to.
迷信【míxìn】 superstition; superstitious; belief; blind faith; blind worship;
have blind faith in; make a fetish of.
色彩【sècai】 colour; hue; tint; shade.
活动【huódòng】 move about, exercise; shaky, unsteady; movable, mobile,
flexible; activity, manoeuvre; use personal influence or irregular means;
behaviour.
消失【xiāoshī】 disappear; vanish; dissolve; die away; fade away.
其余【qíyú】 the others; the rest; the remainder.
至今【zhìjīn】 up to now; to this day; so far.
流传【liúchuán】 spread; circulate; hand down.
邻近【línjìn】 near; close to; adjacent to.
有些【yǒuxiē】 some; somewhat; rather.
得到【dédào】 get; obtain; gain; receive.
发展【fāzhǎn】 develop; expand; grow; recruit; admit.
突破【tūpò】 break through; make (or effect) a breakthrough; surmount; break;
top.
时间【shíjiān】 (the concept of) time; (the duration of) time; (a point
in) time.
界线【jièxiàn】 boundary line.
成为【chéngwéi】 become; turn into.
国际【guójì】 international.
体育【tǐyù】 physical culture; physical training; sports.

关于【guānyú】 about; on; with regard to; concerning.
由来【yóulái】 origin.
说法【shuōfa】 way of saying a thing; wording; formulation; statement; version;
argument.
诸如【zhūrú】 such as.
纪念【jìniàn】 commemorate; mark; souvenir; keepsake; memento; commemoration
day; anniversary.
夏至【Xiàzhì】 the Summer Solstice (10th solar term).
图腾【túténg】 totem.
以上【yǐshàng】 more than; over; above.
学者【xuézhě】 scholar; learned man; man of learning.
先生【xiānsheng】 teacher; mister (Mr.); gentleman; sir; doctor.
历史【lìshǐ】 history; past records.
教育【jiàoyù】 education; teach; educate; inculcate.
列举【lièjǔ】 enumerate; list.
记载【jìzǎi】 put down in writing; record; account.
专家【zhuānjiā】 expert; specialist.
考古【kǎogǔ】 engage in archaeological studies; archaeology.
考证【kǎozhèng】 textual criticism; textual research.
起源【qǐyuán】 origin; originate; stem from.
古代【gǔdài】 ancient times; antiquity.
南方【nánfāng】 south; the southern part of the country, esp. the area south
of the Changjiang River; the South.
举行【jǔxíng】 hold (a meeting, ceremony, etc.).
百年【bǎinián】 a hundred years; a century; lifetime.
爱国【àiguó】 love one’s country; be patriotic.
精神【jíngshen】 vigour; vitality; drive; lively; spirited; vigorous.
感人【gǎnrén】 impressiveness.
广泛【guǎngfàn】 extensive; wide-ranging; wide-spread.
深入人心【shēnrùrénxīn】 interiorize.
故人【gùrén】 old friend.
相传【xiāngchuán】 tradition has it that…; according to legend; hand down
or pass on from one to another.
因此【yīncǐ】 therefore; for this reason; consequently.
影响【yǐngxiǎng】 influence; effect; affect.
占据【zhànjù】 occupy; hold.
主流【zhǔliú】 main stream; main current; mother current; essential or main;
aspect; main trend.
地位【dìwèi】 position; standing; place; status; place (as occupied by a
person or thing).
民俗【mínsú】 folk custom; folkways.
文化【wénhuà】 civilization; culture; education; schooling; literacy.
领域【lǐngyù】 territory; domain; realm; field; sphere.
民众【mínzhòng】 the masses of the people; the common people; the populace.
竞渡【jìngdù】 boat race; swimming race.
联系【liánxì】 contact; connection; relation.
一起【yīqǐ】 in the same place; together; in company; altogether;
in all.

时至今日【shízhìjīnrì】 at this late hour.
中国人民【zhōngguórénmín】 the Chinese people.
十分【shífēn】 very; fully; utterly; extremely.
盛行【shèngxíng】 be current (or rife, rampant); be in vogue.
隆重【lóngzhòng】 grand; solemn; ceremonious.

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